Non-Passerines List – revised February 2021

 

SPECIES

 

LOCATION

Galliformes – Pheasants, Partridges, Quails and Allies

1.        

Snow Partridge

Lerwa lerwa

Balang

2.        

Chinese Bamboo Partridge

Bambusicola thoracica

Widespread Sichuan Basin

3.        

Sichuan Hill Partridge

Arborophila rufipectus

Laojunshan, Dailangshan region S Sichuan – feeding sites

4.        

Hill Partridge

Arborophila torqueola

South Sichuan – Pannzihua area

5.        

Chinese Francolin

Francolinus pintadeanus

South Sichuan – Jinsha Valley

6.        

Tibetan Partridge

Perdix hodgsoniae

Widespread Tibetan  plateau

7.        

Japanese Quail

Coturnix japonica

Passage

8.        

Tibetan Snowcock

Tetraogallus tibetanus

Balang,, Baxi, JZ area Moxi – widepread  higher mountains

9.        

Chestnut Throated partridge

Tetraophasis obscures

Balang, Mengbi, JZ – widespread high  alpine forest

10.      

Buff-throated Partridge

Tetraophasis szechenyii

T.Plateau west of Kangding, Pamolin Monastery

11.      

Koklass Pheasant

Pucrasia macrolopha

Balang, Erlang, Danba area, Wanglang, Tangjiahe

12.      

Blue Eared Pheasant

Crossoptilon auritum

Baxi, JZ, Wanglang, Songpang area

13.      

White-eared Pheasant

Crossoptilon crossoptilon

Balang, Mengbi, Maerkang area, Kangding area, Yajiang area

14.      

Blood pheasant

Ithaginis cruentus

Balang, Mengbi, Baxi, JZ, Wanglang - widespread

15.      

Temminck's Tragopan

Tragopan temminckii

Wawu, Wuyipeng, Balang, Emei, Erlang, Danba area, Tangjiahe - widespread

16.      

Chinese Monal Pheasant

Lophophorus lhuysii

Balang, Mengbi, Pass between Baxi and JZ, JZ, Tangjiahe

17.      

Common Pheasant

Phasianus colchicus

Ruoergai, Baxi, JZ – Ring-neck farmland bird

18.      

GoldenPheasant

Chrysolophus pictus

Wolong area, Balang, Tangjiahe, Wanglang, Qingchengshan, JZ, Pingwu  Park

19.      

Silver Pheasant

Lophura nycthemera

Longcanggou, Labahe area – South Sichuan

20.      

Reeve’s Pheasant

Syrmaticus reevesii

Recorded Pingwu area – maybe still in NE

21.      

Lady Amherst's Pheasant

Chrysolophus amherstiae

Wawu, Erlang, Kangding area, South Sichuan

22.      

Chinese Grouse

Tetrastes sewerzowi

Mengbi, Baxi, JZ, Wanglang

Anseriformes – Ducks, Geese and Swans

23.      

Tundra Swan

Cygnus columbianus

Ruergai – winter visitor

24.      

Greylag Goose

Anser anser

Ruoergai

25.      

Bean Goose

Anser fabalis

Rare passage

26.      

Lesser White-fronted Goose

Anser erythropus

Rare passage/vagrant

27.      

Bar-headed Goose

Anser indicus

Ruoergai, and Grassland around Litang – passage Sichuan basin

28.      

Ruddy Shelduck

Tadorna ferruginea

Tibetan Plateau – winter/passage Sichuan Basin

29.      

Common Shelduck

Tadorna tadorna

Uncommon winter/passage

30.      

Pygmy Cotton Teal

Nettapus coromandelianus

Recorded Chengdu and Ruoergai – probable breeding

31.      

Mandarin Duck

Aix galericulata

Fairly widespread winter – can still be present early May

32.      

Eastern Spot-billed Duck

Anas Zonorhyncha

Common winter - stragglers late spring

33.      

Common Teal

Anas crecca

Ruoergai

34.      

Falcated duck

Anas falcate

Widespread winter  - recorded May at Ruoergai

35.      

Garganey

Anas querquedula

Ruoergai

36.      

Gadwall

Anas strepera

Ruoergai

37.      

Mallard

Anas platyrhynchos

Widespread

38.      

Pintail

Anas acuta

Winter and passage

39.      

Shoveller

Anas clypeata

Winter and passage

40.      

Common Widgeon

Anas penelope

Winter and passage

41.      

Ferruginous Duck

Aythya nyroca

Ruoergai summer – Sichuan Basin winter

42.      

Baer’s Pochard

Aythya baeri

Rare winter visitor – recorded Chengdu

43.      

Red-crested Pochard

Netta rufina

Ruoergai breeding – uncommon wintering/passage Sichuan

44.      

Tufted Duck

Aythya fuligula

Winter and passage

45.      

Greater Scaup

Aythya marila

Uncommon winter

46.      

Common Pochard

Aythya ferina

Winter and passage

47.      

Common Goldeneye

Bucephala clangula

Winter

48.      

Common Merganser

Mergus merganser

Tibetan Plateau and  upland rivers – Sichuan Bain winter

49.      

Red-breasted Merganser

Mergus serrator

Uncommon winter

50.      

Smew

Mergellus albellus

Winter

51.      

Scaly-sided Merganser

Mergus squamatus

Uncommon winter visitor – several locations

Phoenicopteriformes – Flamingos

52.      

Greater Flamingo

Phoenicopterus roseus

Two recent records – recoded as vagrant China

Podicipediformes – Grebes

53.      

Little Grebe

Tachybaptus ruficollis

Widespread - resident

54.      

Black-necked Grebe

Podiceps nigricollis

Winter

55.      

Great Crested Grebe

Podiceps cristatus

Ruoergai – uncommon winter visitor to rivers in the basin

56.      

Red-necked Grebe

Podiceps grisegena

Recoded as vagrant

57.      

Horned Grebe

Podiceps auritus

Very rare winter visitor

Columbiformes – Pigeons and Doves

58.      

Speckled Wood Pigeon

Columba hodgsonii

Wawu, Wolong/Balang, Erlang

59.      

Snow Pigeon

Columba leuconota

Balang, and other high mountain passes

60.      

Hill Pigeon

Columba rupestris

Rilong, plateau west of Kangding, winter flocks Ruoergai - fairly Widespread Plateau – arid areas with cliffs

61.      

Spotted Dove

Streptopelia chinensis

Sichuan basin– park bird - common

62.      

Oriental Turtle Dove

Streptopelia orientalis

Farmland - widespread

63.      

Collared Dove

Streptopelia decaocto

Resident Ruoergai area – has been observed Chengdu

64.      

Red Collared Dove

Streptopelia tranquebaric

Balang, Ruoergai. Grassland west of Kangding -most commen during passage

65.      

Wedge-tailed Green Pigeon

Treron sphenura

Emei, Wawu (middle), Bifeng, Qinchengshan

Pterocliformes – Sandgrouse

66.      

Pallas’s Sandgrouse

Syrrhaptes paradoxus

Two records for Chengdu from the 90’s – an eruption species so must occasionally reach locations in Western Sichuan that are closer to Qinghai breeding grounds – however must be a decreasing species

Cuculiformes – Cuckoos

67.      

Chestnut-winged Cuckoo

Clamator coromandus

Uncommon passage and breeding

68.      

Large Hawk Cuckoo

Cuculus sparverioide

Widespread – call from this bird a common sound

69.      

Hodgson's Hawk Cuckoo

Cuculus nisicolor

Wawu, Longcangou areas – must also be Emei

70.      

Eurasian Cuckoo

Cuculus canorus

Widespread – very common Ruoergai

71.      

Indian Cuckoo

Cuculus micropterus

Qingchengshan, Tangjiahe area – lower valleys with trees

72.      

Himalayan Cuckoo

Cuculus saturatus

Wawu, Wolong, Emei, JZ – fairly widespread

73.      

Lesser Cuckoo

Cuculus poliocephalus

Wawu, wolong, Erlang, Mengbi,,Baxi, JZ – fairly widespread

74.      

Asian Keol

Eudynamys scolopacea

Widespread lower areas with large trees

75.      

Lesser Coucal

Centropus bengalensis

Rare and local

76.      

Greater Coucal

Centropus sinensis

Rare and local

77.      

Asian Emerald Cuckoo

Chrysococcyx maculatus

Wawu, recorded Pingwu  area – probably Emei, Wolong - uncommon

78.      

Asian Drongo-Cuckoo

Surniculus lugubris

Wawu, Emei,, Qingchengshan – have heard Pingwu area

79.      

Plaintive Cuckoo

Clamator coromandus

South Sichuan

Caprimulgiformes – Nightjars

80.      

Grey Nightjar

Caprimulgus jotaka

Widespread

Caprimulgiformes – Swifts

81.      

Himalayan Swiftlet

Aerodramusbrevirostris

Wawu , Wolong

82.      

Pacific Swift

Apus pacificus

Summer passage – difficult to ID from Salim Ali’s

83.      

Salim Ali’s Swift

Apus salimalii

Tibetal Plateau species - passage

84.      

White-throated Needletail

Hirundapus caudacutus

Most commonly seen Wawu, Wolong, Moxi – fairly widespread

85.      

House Swift

Apus nipalensis

Around towns

Gruiformes - Rails, Gallinules, and Coots

86.      

White-breasted Waterhen

Amaurornis phoenicurus

Widespread – ponds, paddies small wetlands

87.      

Ruddy-breasted Crake

Porzana fusca

Wetlands – difficult to find

88.      

Eastern Water Rail

Rallus indicus

Rouergai and recorded Chengdu area - local

89.      

Slaty-breasted Rail

Gallirallus striatus

Skulking – recorded Chengdu area

90.      

Common Moorhen

Gallinula chloropus

JZ area – also seen passage

91.      

Watercock

Gallicrex cinerea

Paddy fields and wetlands – difficult to find

92.      

Common Coot

Fulica atra

JZ area -  winter widespread

93.      

Purple Swamphen

Porphyrio porphyrio

Xichang Lake – ssp grey-headed

Gruiformes – Cranes

94.      

Black-necked Crane

Grus nigricollis

Ruoergai

95.      

Common Crane

Grus grus

Uncommon passage – sometimes single birds with Black-necked

96.      

Demoiselle Crane

Anthropoides virgo

Reported Ruoergai - vagrant

Charadriiformes – Stilts and Avocets

97.      

Black-winged Stilt

Himantopus himantopus

Wetlands - passage

98.      

Pied Avocet

Recurvirostra avosetta

Uncommon passage

Charadriiformes – Ibisbill

99.      

Ibisbill

Ibidorhyncha struthersii

Around Maerkang, Litang, Yading, Ganzi – regular wintering Dujiangyan

Charadriiformes – Plovers and Lapwings

100.   

Northern Lapwing

Vanellus venellus

Regular winter migrant and passage – local and seeming to get more uncommon

101.   

Grey-headed Lapwing

Vanellus cinereus

Passage

102.   

Pacific Golden Plover

Pluvialis fulva

Uncommon Passage

103.   

Grey Plover

Pluvialis squatarola

Uncommon Passage

104.   

Lesser Sand Plover

Charadrius mongolus

Flower lake Ruoergai breeding – breeds on Tibetan Plateau otherwise rare passage

105.   

Greater Sand Plover

Charadrius leschenaultii

Rare passage

106.   

Kentish Plover

Charadrius alexandrinus

Uncommon Passage

107.   

Long-billed Plover

Charadrius placidus

Widespread Sichuan basin rivers

108.   

Little Ringed Plover

Charadrius dubius

Chengdu

Charadriiformes – Painted-snipes

109.   

Greater Painted Snipe

Rostratula benghalensis

Shallow wetlands, sometimes paddies

Charadriiformes – Jacanas

110.   

Pheasant-tailed Jacana

Hydrophasianus chirurgus

Breeding site East of Chengdu

Charadriiformes – Sandpipers and Allies

111.   

Wood Snipe

Gallinago nemoricola

Bred Balang but rarely seen since 2016 – seems to be dcreasing species. Reports of birds in Erlang area – most areas of suitable habitat difficult to reach

112.   

Solitary Snipe

Gallinago solitaria

Seen Moxi – must be at other high wetlands and passage

113.   

Common Snipe

Gallinago gallinago

wetland – rivers – winter passage

114.   

“Swintail” Snipe

Gallinago megala/stenura

Paddies and wetlands on passage – very difficult to separate Swinhoe’s and Pintail

115.   

Temminck’s Stint

Calidris temminckii

Winter/passage – riverine wetlands

116.   

Long-toed Stint

Calidris subminuta

Rare passage

117.   

Curlew Sandpiper

Calidris ferruginea

Passage

118.   

Ruddy Turnstone

Arenaria interpres

Rare passage

119.   

Spotted Redshank

Tringa erythropus

Uncommon passage

120.   

Common Redshank

Tringa totanus

Breeds on plateau  wetlands

121.   

Greenshank

Tringa nebularia

Winter/passage - widespread

122.   

Green Sandpiper

Tringa ochropus

Winter/passage - widespread

123.   

Common Sandpiper

Actitis hypoleucos

Winter/passage - widespread

124.   

Wood Sandpiper

Tringa glareola

Passage - widespread

125.   

Marsh Sandpiper

Tringa stangnitilis

Passage  rather uncommon

126.   

Ruff

Philomachus pugnax

Passage - uncommon

127.   

Black-tailed Godwit

Limosa limosa

Passage - uncommon

128.   

Eurasian Curlew

Numenius arquata

Passage - uncommon

129.   

Whimbrel

Numenius phaeopus

Passage - uncommon

130.   

Grey Phallarope

Phalaropus fulicarius

Passage - uncommon

Charadriiformes – Buttonquail

131.   

Yellow – legged Buttonquail

Turnix tanki

Recorded, Erlang, Moxi area, Balang – difficult to find

Charadriiformes – Pratincoles

132.   

Oriental Pratincole

Glareola maldivarum

River at Hongya – passage

Charadriiformes – Gulls and Terns

133.   

Pallas's Gull

Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus

Breeds Tibetan Plateau, winters in the basin

134.   

Black-legged Kittiwake

Rissa tridactyla

Winter - rare

135.   

Brown-headed Gull

Chroicocephalus brunnicephalus

Breeds Tibetan Plateau

136.   

Black-headed Gull

Chroicocephalus ridibundus

Winter – passage - uncommon

137.   

Common Gull

Larus canus

Winter - uncommon

138.   

Slender-billed Gull

Chroicocephalus genei

Regular winter Mianyang area

139.   

Black-tailed Gull

Larus crassirostris

Winter - rare

140.   

Vega Gull

Larus vegae

Winter -rare

141.   

Common Tern

Sterna hirundo

Breeds Tibetan Plateau – basin passage

142.   

Little Tern

Sternula albifrons

Rare passage

143.   

White-winged Tern

Chlidonias leucopterus

Uncommon passage

144.   

Whiskered Tern

Chlidonias hybrida

Breeds Tibetan Plateau – basin passage

Ciconiiformes – Storks

145.   

Black Stork

Ciconia nigra

Regular passage – often seen Ruoergai

Suliformes – Cormorants

146.   

Great Cormorant

Phalacrocorax carbo

Rivers and reservoirs

Pelecaniformes - Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns

147.   

Little Egret

Egretta garzetta

Widespread

148.   

Intermediate Egret

Mesophoyx intermedia

Uncommon Passage – sometimes with other Egrets

149.   

Great  Egret

Casmerodius albus

Uncommon – but fairly widespread

150.   

Eastern Cattle Egret

Bubulcus coromandus

Widespread

151.   

Grey Heron

Ardea cinerea

Widespread

152.   

Purple Heron

Ardea purpurea

Uncommon

153.   

Chinese Pond Heron

Ardeola bacchus

Paddies, wetlands – widespread

154.   

Striated Heron

Butorides striata

Uncommon Passage

155.   

Black-crowned Night Heron

Nycticorax nycticorax

Widespread

156.   

Cinnamon Bittern

Ixobrychus cinnamomeus

Wetlands in the basin

157.   

Yellow Bittern

Ixobrychus sinensis

Uncommon passage – recorded over breeding period Chengdu area

158.   

Black Bittern

Dupetor flavicollis

Sngle record Chengdu area – rare visitor

159.   

Eurasian Bittern

Botaurus stellaris

Uncommon winter/passage – very local

  Pelecaniformes - Ibises and Spoonbills

160.   

Eurasian Spoonbill

Platalea leucorodia

Rare passage/winter

Accipitriformes – Osprey

161.   

Osprey

Pandion haliaetus

Uncommon but regular passage

Accipitriformes - Hawks, Eagles, and Kites

162.   

Black-eared Kite

Milvus lineatus

Ruoergai, Baxi – regular passage in the basin

163.   

Oriental Honey Buzzard

Pernis ptilorhynchus

Emei, Wawu – widespread during passage

164.   

Cinereous Vulture

Aegypius monachus

Balang, Ruoergai

165.   

Lammergeier

Gypaetus barbatus

Balang, Ruoergai, JZ area

166.   

Himalayan Griffon

Gyps himalayensis

Wolong, Balang, Mengbi, Ruoergai, Baxi – widespread Plareau

167.   

Upland Buzzard

Buteo hemilasius

Widespread on Tibetan Plateau

168.   

Himalayan Buzzard

Buteo burmanicus

Balang Mengbi, Baxi, JZ area – resident breeding

169.   

Eastern Buzzard

Buteo japonicus

Winter/passage – widespread plateau

170.   

Black Baza

Aviceda leuphotes

Emei, Qingchengshan, Wawu - passage

171.   

Jerdon’s Baza

Aviceda jerdoni

Rare passage

172.   

Black Eagle

Ictinaetus malaiensis

Rare passage

173.   

Greater-spotted Eagle

Clanga clanga

Rare passage

174.   

Golden Eagle

Aquila chrysaetos

Balang, Ruoergai, Baxi, JZ

175.   

Eastern Imperial Eagle

Aquila heliaca

Rare – status passage or winter?

176.   

White-tailed Sea Eagle

Haliaeetus albicilla

Winter Ruoergai – rare passage over basin

177.   

Steppe Eagle

Aquila nipalensis

Winter Ruoergai  -  non-breeders can be seen during summer –rare passage basin

178.   

Bonelli’s Eagle

Aquila fasciata

Uncommon winter visitor NE – rare passage

179.   

Booted Eagle

Hieraaetus pennatus

Uncommon passage

180.   

Short-toed Snake Eagle

Circaetus gallicus

Uncommon passage

181.   

Mountain Hawk Eagle

Spizaetus nipalensis

Emei, Wawu, Wolong , Qingcheng, Tangjiahe – fairly widespread suitable habitat

182.   

Crested Serpent Eagle

Spilornis cheela

Emei, Wawu

183.   

Besra

Accipiter virgatus

Emei, Wawu, Wolong - uncommon

184.   

Chinese Sparrowhawk

Accipiter soloensis

Wawu, Emei – local in basin,farmland with paddies and frogs – seen during passage

185.   

Japanese Sparrowhawk

Accipiter gularis

Rare passage – possibly under recorded

186.   

Eurasian Sparrowhawk

Accipiter nisus

Winter/passage - widespread

187.   

Northern Goshawk

Accipiter gentilis

Balang, Mengbi, JZ

188.   

Crested Goshawk

Aquila chrysaetos

Emei, Qingchengshan,Wawu, Wolong, JZ -  widespread

189.   

Grey-faced Buzzard

Butastur indicus

Breeds NE Sichuan possibly extending range through Sichuan - passage

Strigiformes – Barn Owls

190.   

Eastern Gras Owl

Tyto longimembris

Has bred 2014 Dujiangyan area – otherwise uncommon passage

Strigiformes – Owls

191.   

Collared Scops Owl

Otus lettia

Widespread

192.   

Oriental Scops Owl

Otus sunia

Widespread

193.   

Asian Barred Owlet

Glaucidium cuculoides

Widespread – lower sites, farmland

194.   

Collared Owlet

Glaucidium brodiei

Widespread – plantations and native forest

195.   

Little Owl

Athene noctua

Rouergai, Litang – grassland bird

196.   

Himalayan Owl

Strix nivicolum

Wawu, Wanglang, Wolong, Qingchengshan - widespread

197.   

Pere David’s Owl

Strix davidi

Baxi, JZ, Wanglang – photographed at Emei

198.   

Eurasian Eagle Owl

Bubo bubo

Hongyuan, Ruoergai, Baxi, Songpan areas

199.   

Northern Boobok

Ninox japonica

Emei, Qingchengshan

200.   

Tawny Fish Owl

Ketupa flavipes

Tangjiahe, JZ, Labahe

Trogoniformes – Trogons

201.   

Red-headed Trogon

Harpactes erythrocephalus

Reported from Wolong,/Emei – seen Loncanggou (Wawu), Qingchengshan

Psittaciformes - Parrots

202.   

Derbyan Parakeet

Psittacula derbiana

Uncommon – Danba area (almost extinct), Yajiang

Bucerotiformes – Hoopoes

203.   

Common Hoopoe

Upupa epops

Fairly common – especially passage, many sites

Coraciiformes – Kingfishers

204.   

Common Kingfisher

Alcedo atthis

Chengdu rivers and parks - widespread

205.   

Crested Kingfisher

Megaceryle lugubris

River in the N – Tangjiahe area

206.   

Black-capped Kingfisher

Halcyon pileata

Wolong (uncommon since earthquake),  Moxi, JZ

207.   

Common Kingfisher

Alcedo atthis

Chengdu rivers and parks - widespread

Coraciiformes – Rollers

208.   

Dollar Bird

Eurystomus orientalis

Breeds N Sichuan – Guangyuan

209.   

Indochinese Roller

Coracias affinis

Local migrant breeder in Southern Sichuan

Coraciiformes – Bee-eaters

210.   

Blue- tailed Bee-eater

Merops philippinus

Summer breeding migrant Southern Sichuan - local

Piciformes – Asian Barbets

211.   

Great Barbet

Megalaima virens

Qingchengshan, Emei, Wolong, Erlang

Piciformes – Woodpeckers

212.   

Speckled Piculet

Picumnus innominatus

Widespread – good secondary growth

213.   

Eurasian Wryneck

Jynx torquil

Hongyuan/ Ruoergai – passage quite widespread

214.   

Grey-capped woodpecker

Dendrocopos canicapillus

Widespread - uses plantations

215.   

Three Toed Woodpecker

Picoides tridactylus

top of W awu, Baxi, Juizhaigou area

216.   

Great Spotted Woodpecker

Dendrocopos major

Baxi, JZ area, Tangjiahe, Hongyuan (plateau areas with trees) - Widespread

217.   

Crimson-breasted Woodpecker

Dendrocopos cathpharius

Wawu (middle), Wolong, Emei, Erlang,,Tangjiahe, - winter comes lower

218.   

White-backed Woodpecker

Dendrocopos leucotos

Uncommon – fairly widespread

219.   

Rufous-bellied Woodpecker

Dendrocopos hyperythrus

Boaxing, Maerkang area, Rilong, farly common Hailuogou – winter visitor Chengdu (Sichuan Uni)

220.   

Darjeeling Woodpecker

Dendrocopos darjellensis

Wawu (top), Wuyipeng, Emei, Erlang

221.   

Grey-headed Woodpecker

Picus canus

Widespread – open country with larger trees

222.   

Bay Woodpecker

Blythipicus pyrrhotis

Wawu, Wolong, Emei, Erlang

223.   

Black Woodpecker

Dryocopus martius

Balang, Baxi, JZ, Erlang, Songpang area

Falconiformes – Falcons

224.   

Peregrine Falcon

Falco peregrines

Local resident -  winter often seen passage – urban Peregrines in Chengdu

225.   

Northern  Hobby

Falco subbuteo

Uncommon breeding and passage

226.   

Saker Falcon

Falco cherrug

Fairly common all Plateau grasslands with Pika

227.   

Lesser Kestrel

Falco naumanni

Has been recorded – very rare and status uncertain – but according to range possible passage species

228.   

Eurasian Kestrel

Falco tinnunculus

Ruoergai, Balang – winter/passage in basin

229.   

Amur Falcon

Falco amurebsis

Uncommon Passage

Omission: Ciconiiformes – Storks

230

Asian Open-billed Stork

Anastomus oscitans

range expansion - now seen in Xichang area during breeding season